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goto Gull
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
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Linux x64
Author: Stéphane Nicolet
Date: Mon May 21 09:37:44 2018 +0200
Timestamp: 1526888264

Simplifying away the progressKey

Simplifying away all the progressKey stuff gives exactly the same bench,
without any speed impact. Tested for speed against master with two benches
at depth 22 ran in parallel:

**testedpatch**
Total time (ms) : 92350
Nodes searched : 178962949
Nodes/second : 1937877

**master**
Total time (ms) : 92358
Nodes searched : 178962949
Nodes/second : 1937709

We also tested the patch at STC for no-regression with [-3, 1] bounds:

LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 57299 W: 11529 L: 11474 D: 34296
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5b015a1c0ebc5914abc126e5

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/1603

No functional change.
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
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Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: mstembera
Date: Wed May 16 23:40:23 2018 +0200
Timestamp: 1526506823

Fix MSVC errors in tbprobe.cpp

Default template parameters values and recursive functions do not play well
together. Fix for below errors that showed up after updating to latest MSVC.

````
tbprobe.cpp(1156): error C2672:
'search': no matching overloaded function found

tbprobe.cpp(1198): error C2783:
'Tablebases::WDLScore `anonymous-namespace'::search(Position &,Tablebases::ProbeState *)':
could not deduce template argument for 'CheckZeroingMoves'

````

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/1594

No functional change.
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
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Linux x64
Author: Tom Truscott
Date: Wed May 16 22:51:43 2018 +0200
Timestamp: 1526503903

Use cycle detection to bound search value

A position which has a move which draws by repetition, or which could have
been reached from an earlier position in the game tree, is considered to be
at least a draw for the side to move.

Cycle detection algorithm by Marcel van Kervink:

https://marcelk.net/2013-04-06/paper/upcoming-rep-v2.pdf

----------------------------

How does the algorithm work in practice? The algorithm is an efficient
method to detect if the side to move has a drawing move, without doing any
move generation, thus possibly giving a cheap cutoffThe most interesting
conditions are both on line 1195:

```
if ( originalKey == (progressKey ^ stp->key)
|| progressKey == Zobrist::side)
```

This uses the position keys as a sort-of Bloom filter, to avoid the expensive
checks which follow. For "upcoming repetition" consider the opening Nf3 Nf6 Ng1.
The XOR of this position's key with the starting position gives their difference,
which can be used to look up black's repeating move (Ng8). But that look-up is
expensive, so line 1195 checks that the white pieces are on their original squares.

This is the subtlest part of the algorithm, but the basic idea in the above game
is there are 4 positions (starting position and the one after each move). An XOR
of the first pair (startpos and after Nf3) gives a key matching Nf3. An XOR of
the second pair (after Nf6 and after Ng1) gives a key matching the move Ng1. But
since the difference in each pair is the location of the white knight those keys
are "identical" (not quite because while there are 4 keys the the side to move
changed 3 times, so the keys differ by Zobrist::side). The loop containing line
1195 does this pair-wise XOR-ing.

Continuing the example, after line 1195 determines that the white pieces are
back where they started we still need to make sure the changes in the black
pieces represents a legal move. This is done by looking up the "moveKey" to
see if it corresponds to possible move, and that there are no pieces blocking
its way. There is the additional complication that, to match the behavior of
is_draw(), if the repetition is not inside the search tree then there must be
an additional repetition in the game history. Since a position can have more
than one upcoming repetition a simple count does not suffice. So there is a
search loop ending on line 1215.

On the other hand, the "no-progress' is the same thing but offset by 1 ply.
I like the concept but think it currently has minimal or negative benefit,
and I'd be happy to remove it if that would get the patch accepted. This
will not, however, save many lines of code.

-----------------------------

STC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,5.00]
Total: 36430 W: 7446 L: 7150 D: 21834
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5afc123f0ebc591fdf408dfc

LTC:
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,5.00]
Total: 12998 W: 2045 L: 1876 D: 9077
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5afc2c630ebc591fdf408e0c

How could we continue after the patch:

• The code in search() that checks for cycles has numerous possible variants.
Perhaps the check need could be done in qsearch() too.

• The biggest improvement would be to get "no progress" to be of actual benefit,
and it would be helpful understand why it (probably) isn't. Perhaps there is an
interaction with the transposition table or the (fantastically complex) tree
search. Perhaps this would be hard to fix, but there may be a simple oversight.

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/1575

Bench: 4550412
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: VoyagerOne
Date: Mon May 14 06:52:48 2018 +0200
Timestamp: 1526273568

Update search.cpp

At PvNodes allow bonus for prior counter move that caused a fail low
for depth 1 and 2. Note : I did a speculative LTC on yellow STC patch
since history stats tend to be highly TC sensitive

STC (Yellow):
LLR: -2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,5.00]
Total: 64295 W: 13042 L: 12873 D: 38380
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5af507c80ebc5968e6524153

LTC:
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,5.00]
Total: 22407 W: 3413 L: 3211 D: 15783
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5af85dd40ebc591fdf408b87

Also use local variable excludedMove in NMP (marotear)

Bench: 5294316
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Stéphane Nicolet
Date: Sun May 13 07:20:39 2018 +0200
Timestamp: 1526188839

Tweak kingAttackersCount and KingAttackWeights

Use the whole kingRing for pawn attackers instead of only the squares directly
around the king. This tends to give quite a lot more kingAttackersCount, so to
compensate and to avoid raising the king danger too fast we lower the values
in the KingAttackWeights array a little bit.

STC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,4.00]
Total: 51892 W: 10723 L: 10369 D: 30800
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5af6d4dd0ebc5968e652428e

LTC:
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,4.00]
Total: 24536 W: 3737 L: 3515 D: 17284
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5af709890ebc5968e65242ac

Credits to user @xoroshiro for the idea of using the kingRing for pawn attackers.

How to continue? It seems that the KingAttackWeights[] array stores values
which are quite Elo-sensitive, yet they have not been tuned with SPSA recently.
There might be easy Elo points to get there.

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/1597

Bench: 5282815
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: mstembera
Date: Thu May 10 23:36:16 2018 +0200
Timestamp: 1525988176

Include all blockers in king danger

Simplification: in king danger, include all blockers and not only pinned
pieces, since blockers enemy pieces can result in discovered checks which
are also bad.

STC http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5af35f9f0ebc5968e6523fe9
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 145781 W: 29368 L: 29478 D: 86935

LTC http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5af3cb430ebc5968e652401f
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 76398 W: 11272 L: 11232 D: 53894

I also incorrectly scheduled STC with [0,5] which it failed.
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5af283c00ebc5968e6523f33
LLR: -2.94 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,5.00]
Total: 12338 W: 2451 L: 2522 D: 7365

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/1593

bench: 4698290

----------------------------------------

Thanks to @vondele and @Rocky640 for a cleaner version of the patch,
and the following comments!

> Most of the pinned, (or for this pull request, blocking) squares were
> already computed in the unsafeChecks, the only missing squares being:
>
> a) squares attacked by a Queen which are occupied by friendly piece
> or "unsafe". Note that adding such squares never passed SPRT[0,5].
>
> b) squares not in mobilityArea[Us].
>
> There is a strong relationship between the blockers and the unsafeChecks,
> but the bitboard unsafeChecks is still useful when the checker is not
> aligned with the king, and the checking square is occupied by friendly
> piece or is "unsafe". This is always the case for the Knight.
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
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Linux x64
Author: protonspring
Date: Thu May 10 15:46:32 2018 +0200
Timestamp: 1525959992

Consolidate pawn storm types

Simplification: the Unopposed and Unblocked pawn storm types are mathematically
similar enough to combine with no Elo loss. This reduces the pawn storm types
to BlockedByPawn and UnBlocked.

STC
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 116869 W: 23549 L: 23605 D: 69715
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5af2def90ebc5968e6523f82

LTC
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 39912 W: 6090 L: 5998 D: 27824
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5af3b2e20ebc5968e6524013

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/1592

Bench: 5244314
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Stefan Geschwentner
Date: Thu May 10 12:28:18 2018 +0200
Timestamp: 1525948098

Tune null move pruning

Use a lower stat score threshold of 22500.

Failed yellow at STC after many games (~0.92 Elo):
LLR: -2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,4.00]
Total: 73978 W: 14947 L: 14834 D: 44197
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5af2deec0ebc5968e6523f80

But scales good and passed LTC:
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,4.00]
Total: 23147 W: 3453 L: 3237 D: 16457
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5af3cf820ebc5968e6524022

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/1591

Bench: 4777674
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: candirufish
Date: Wed May 9 09:22:11 2018 +0200
Timestamp: 1525850531

Tuned some pawns and evaluation constants

Tuned values in pawns.cpp and evaluate.cpp after a SPSA session:
419k games 60sec 600nodetime. We have adjusted the PassedRank[]
output of the SPSA session to keep increasing values with rank,
and PassedFile[] output to keep the West <–> East symmetry of
the evaluation.

STC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,4.00]
Total: 58948 W: 12431 L: 12046 D: 34471
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5af2302f0ebc5968e6523f0a

LTC:
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,4.00]
Total: 22211 W: 3468 L: 3251 D: 15492
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5af264c80ebc5968e6523f1a

See https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/1587
and https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/1590

bench: 4437531
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Joost VandeVondele
Date: Wed May 9 01:42:34 2018 +0200
Timestamp: 1525822954

Remove goto, limit skipping to NMP

This patch simplifies the control flow in search(), removing an if
and a goto. A side effect of the patch is that Stockfish is now a
little bit more selective at low depths, because we allow razoring,
futility pruning and probcut pruning after a null move.

passed STC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 32035 W: 6523 L: 6422 D: 19090
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5af142ca0ebc597fb3d39bb6

passed LTC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 41431 W: 6187 L: 6097 D: 29147
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5af148770ebc597fb3d39bc1

Ideas for further work:

• Use the nodes credit opened by the patch (the increased selectivity)
to try somewhat higher razoring, futility or probcut margins at [0..4].

Bench: 4855031
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Stefan Geschwentner
Date: Tue May 8 23:31:55 2018 +0200
Timestamp: 1525815115

Tweak null move pruning conditions

Allow null move pruning only if last stat score < 30000.

Passed STC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,5.00]
Total: 12653 W: 2641 L: 2454 D: 7558
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5af1d8830ebc5968e6523edb

Passed LTC:
LLR: 2.97 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,5.00]
Total: 19782 W: 3072 L: 2878 D: 13832
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5af1ee8c0ebc5968e6523ee4

Ideas for further work:

• Tune the stat score threshold.
• Try depth based stat score threshold.
• Try stat score condition for other prunings.

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/1589

Bench: 5088156
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Alain SAVARD
Date: Tue May 8 11:14:43 2018 +0200
Timestamp: 1525770883

Drop the lever condition for backwards

We can view the patch version as adding some "undermining bonus" for
level pawns, when the defending side can not easily avoid the exchange
by advancing her pawn.

• Case 1) White b2,c3, Black a3,b3:
Black is breaking through, b2 deserves a penalty

• Case 2) White b2,c3, Black a3,c4:
if b2xa3 then White ends up with a weak pawn on a3
and probably a weak pawn on c3 too.

In either case, White can still not safely play b2-b3 and make a
phalanx with c3, which is the essence of a backward pawn definition.

Passed STC in SPRT[0, 4]:
LLR: -2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,4.00]
Total: 131169 W: 26523 L: 26199 D: 78447
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5aefa4d50ebc5902a409a151
ELO 1.19 [-0.38,2.88] (95%)

Passed LTC in SPRT[-3, 1]:
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 24824 W: 3732 L: 3617 D: 17475
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5af04d3f0ebc5902a88b2e55
ELO 1.27 [-1.21,3.70] (95%)

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/1584

How to continue from there?

There were some promising tests a couple of months ago about adding
a lever condition for king danger in evaluate.cpp, maybe it would
be time to re-try this after all the recent changes in pawns.cpp

Bench: 4773882
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Joost VandeVondele
Date: Tue May 8 10:43:56 2018 +0200
Timestamp: 1525769036

Remove skipEarlyPruning argument to search()

Remove nine boolean arguments and the corresponding skipEarlyPruning variable.
Instead, skip early pruning only when there is an excluded move, and try null
move pruning only if the previous move was not itself a null move.

passed STC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 33623 W: 6853 L: 6755 D: 20015
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5aef462a0ebc5902a409a10e

passed LTC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 39474 W: 5882 L: 5789 D: 27803
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5aefd4b80ebc5902a409a164

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/1585

Bench: 4953556
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Joost VandeVondele
Date: Tue May 8 10:32:23 2018 +0200
Timestamp: 1525768343

Improve signature script

Catch case of missing bench, indicative of a crash or assert.

No functional change
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
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Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: protonspring
Date: Sun May 6 09:44:14 2018 +0200
Timestamp: 1525592654

Simplify the backward pawns code

The two lines of code in the patch seem to be just as good as master.

1. We now only look at the current square to see if it is currently backward,
whereas master looks there AND further ahead in the current file (master would
declare a pawn "backward" even though it could still safely advance a little).
This simplification allows us to avoid the use of the difficult logic with
`backmost_sq(Us, neighbours | stoppers)`.

2. The condition `relative_rank(Us,s) < RANK_5` is simplified away.

Passed STC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 68132 W: 14025 L: 13992 D: 40115
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5aedc97a0ebc5902a4099fd6

Passed LTC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 23789 W: 3643 L: 3527 D: 16619
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5aee4f970ebc5902a409a03a

Ideas for further work:

• The new code flags some pawns on the 5th rank as backward, which was not the
case in the old master. So maybe we should test a version with that included?

• Further tweaks of the backward condition with [0..5] bounds?

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/1583

Bench: 5122789
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Stéphane Nicolet
Date: Thu May 3 22:00:07 2018 +0200
Timestamp: 1525377607

Tweak the connected[] array value for pawns on rank 5

A recent tuning session by Jerry Donald Watson suggested that the
value for the pawns on the fifth rank in the connected[] array were
a little bit too high in master. We lower here this value from 75 to 65.

STC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,4.00]
Total: 27399 W: 5646 L: 5384 D: 16369
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5aea17c50ebc5902a1bed396

LTC:
LLR: 3.66 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,4.00]
Total: 95590 W: 14529 L: 14062 D: 66999
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5aea34a40ebc5902a104ebe5

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/1580

Bench: 5186783
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Stéphane Nicolet
Date: Wed May 2 13:38:00 2018 +0200
Timestamp: 1525261080

Correct a bug introduced by Stéphane in the previous patch.

When we are using the "Bitboard + Square" overloaded operators,
the compiler uses the interpediate SquareBB[s] to transform the
square into a Bitboard, and then calculate the result.

For instance, the following code:

```
b = pos.pieces(Us, PAWN) & s
```

generates in fact the code:

```
b = pos.pieces(Us, PAWN) & SquareBB[s]`
```

The bug introduced by Stéphane in the previous patch was the
use of `b = pos.pieces(Us, PAWN) & (s + Up)` which can result
in out-of-bounds errors for the SquareBB[] array if s in the
last rank of the board.

We coorect the bug, and also add some asserts in bitboard.h to
make the code more robust for this particular bug in the future.

Bug report by Joost VandeVondele. Thanks!

Bench: 5512000
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: protonspring
Date: Tue May 1 23:55:30 2018 +0200
Timestamp: 1525211730

Use special rule for BlockedByKing

Simplification: remove BlockedByKing from storm array and use a special rule.

The BlockedByKing section in the storm array is substantially similar to the
Unopposed section except for two extreme values V(-290), V(-274). Turns out
removing BlockedByKing and using a special rule for these two values shows
no Elo loss. All the other values in the BlockedByKing section are apparently
irrelevant. BlockedByKing now falls under unopposed which (to me) is a bit
more logical since there is no defending pawn on this file. Also, retuning
the Unopposed section may be another improvement.

GOOD) This is a simplification because the entire BlockedByKing section of
the storm array goes away reducing a few lines of code (and less values to
tune). This also brings clarity because the special rule is self documenting.

BAD) It takes execution time to apply the special rule. This should be negli-
gible because it is based on a template parameter and is boiled down to two
bitwise AND's.

STC:
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 33470 W: 6820 L: 6721 D: 19929
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5ae7b6e60ebc5926dba90e13

LTC:
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 47627 W: 7045 L: 6963 D: 33619
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5ae859ff0ebc5926dba90e85

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/1574

Bench: 5512000

-----------

How to continue after this patch?

This patch may open the possibility to move the special rule to evaluate.cpp
in the evaluate::king() function, where we could refine the rule using king
danger information. For instance, with a king in H2 blocking an opponent pawn
in H3, it may be critical to know that the opponent has no safe check in G2
before giving the bonus :-)
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: MJZ1977
Date: Tue May 1 07:12:27 2018 +0200
Timestamp: 1525151547

Penalty for bad bishop with blocked central files

We increase the penalty for bad bishops by a factor proportional
to the number of our blocked pawns in the center files C, D, E or F.

STC:
LLR: 2.97 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,5.00]
Total: 8868 W: 1870 L: 1700 D: 5298
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/html/live_elo.html?5ae7674f0ebc590e39268b34

LTC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,5.00]
Total: 5813 W: 950 L: 808 D: 4055
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/html/live_elo.html?5ae77bae0ebc5926dba90dd9

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/1573

Bench: 5364190
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Stefano80
Date: Sun Apr 29 07:26:25 2018 +0200
Timestamp: 1524979585

Always scale using pawn contribution

This is a further step in the long quest for a simple way of determining
scale factors for the endgame.

Here we remove the artificial restriction in evaluate_scale_factor()
based on endgame score. Also SCALE_FACTOR_ONEPAWN can be simplified
away. The latter is a small non functional simplification with respect
to the version that was testedin the framework, verified on bench with
depth 22 for good measure.

Passed STC
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 49438 W: 9999 L: 9930 D: 29509
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5ae20c8b0ebc5963175205c8

Passed LTC
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 101445 W: 15113 L: 15110 D: 71222
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5ae2a0560ebc5902a1998986

How to continue from there?

Maybe the general case could be scaled with pawns from both colors
without losing Elo. If that is the case, then this could be merged
somehow with the scaling in evaluate_initiative(), which also uses
a additive malus down when the number of pawns in the position goes
down.

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/1570

Bench: 5254862
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Joost VandeVondele
Date: Sun Apr 29 06:59:17 2018 +0200
Timestamp: 1524977957

Simplifiy IID condition

do IID for all sufficiently deep searches without TT move.

passed STC:
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 25494 W: 5313 L: 5199 D: 14982
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5ae1e8dd0ebc596317520583

passed LTC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 80582 W: 12162 L: 12130 D: 56290
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5ae1f5ab0ebc5963175205a4

Bench: 4966970
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Joost VandeVondele
Date: Sun Apr 29 06:53:51 2018 +0200
Timestamp: 1524977631

Fix 'make strip' for mingw.

Currently the make strip target is broken on mingw as the exe name is wrong (stockfish instead of stockfish.exe).

Needs some testing by mingw users (both profile-build and strip, native and cross).

No functional change.
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Stéphane Nicolet
Date: Sun Apr 29 06:48:18 2018 +0200
Timestamp: 1524977298

Update various comments

Spotted by Alain Savard, Joost VandeVondele, Ronald de Man, Fabian Fichter, Chris Cain, xoto10

No functional change
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Alain SAVARD
Date: Tue Apr 24 14:41:50 2018 +0200
Timestamp: 1524573710

No Queen in the MobilityArea

Queen was recently excluded from the mobility area of friendly minor
pieces. Exclude queen also from the mobility area of friendly majors too.

Run as a simplification:

STC
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5ade396f0ebc59602d053742
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 46972 W: 9511 L: 9437 D: 28024

LTC
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5ade64b50ebc5949f20a24d3
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 66855 W: 10157 L: 10105 D: 46593

How to continue from there?

The mobilityArea is used in various places of the evaluation as a
soft proxy for "not attacked by the opponent pawns". Now that the
mobility area is getting smaller and smaller, it may be worth to
hunt for Elo gains by trying the more direct ~attackedBy[Them][PAWN]
instead of mobilityArea[Us] in these places.

Bench: 4650572
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Stéphane Nicolet
Date: Mon Apr 23 09:49:05 2018 +0200
Timestamp: 1524469745

Simplify the ShelterStrength[] array

Remove the distinction between the king file and the two neighbours
files in the ShelterStrength[] array. Instead we initialize the safety
variable in the evaluate_shelter() function with a -10 penalty if our
king is on a semi-open file (ie. if our king is on a file without a pawn
protection).

Also rename shelter_storm() to evaluate_shelter() while there.

STC:
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 23153 W: 4795 L: 4677 D: 13681
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5adcb83d0ebc595ec7ff8aa7

LTC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 25728 W: 3934 L: 3821 D: 17973
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5adcdcb60ebc595ec7ff8adb

See the commit history in PR#1559 for the proof that the committed
version is equivalent to the version in the tests above:
https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/1559

Full credit to @protonspring for the renormalized values of the
ShelterStrength[] array used for the simplification. Thanks!

Bench: 4703935

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