Stockfish Development Versions are build automatically if there are changes on the master branch in the git repository (https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish). Use it at your own risk.
They are compiled with gcc/mingw 7.3 on Ubuntu 18.04.
Read the FAQ or leave a comment.

Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: protonspring
Date: Mon Sep 23 07:12:32 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1569215552

Simplify connected pawn scoring

When scoring the connected pawns, replace the intricate ternary expressions
choosing the coefficient by a simpler addition of boolean conditions:

` value = Connected * (2 + phalanx - opposed) `

This is the map showing the old coefficients and the new ones:

```
phalanx and unopposed: 3x -> 3x
phalanx and opposed: 1.5x -> 2x
not phalanx and unopposed: 2x -> 2x
not phalanx and opposed: 1x -> 1x
```

STC
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 11354 W: 2579 L: 2437 D: 6338 Elo +4.35
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d8151f00ebc5971531d244f

LTC
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 41221 W: 7001 L: 6913 D: 27307 Elo +0.74
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d818f930ebc5971531d26d6

Bench: 3959889

blah
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Joost VandeVondele
Date: Mon Sep 23 06:47:59 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1569214079

Acknowledge fishtest authors

Explicitly acknowledge fishtest authors.
Their efforts are almost invisible, but essential for the project.

Many thanks to https://github.com/glinscott/fishtest/blob/master/AUTHORS !

No functional change.
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: noobpwnftw
Date: Mon Sep 16 15:09:45 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1568639385

Raise stack size to 8MB for pthreads

It seems there is no other way to specify stack size on std::thread than linker
flags and the effective flags are named differently in many toolchains. On
toolchains where pthread is always available, this patch changes the stack
size change in our C++ code via pthread to ensure a minimum stack size of 8MB,
instead of relying on linker defaults which may be platform-specific.

Also raises default stack size on OSX to current Linux default (8MB) just to
be safe.

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2303

No functional change
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Stéphane Nicolet
Date: Mon Sep 16 01:37:39 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1568590659

Scale down endgame factor when shuffling

This patch decreases the endgame scale factor using the 50 moves counter.
Looking at some games with this patch, it seems to have two effects on
the playing style:

1) when no progress can be made in late endgames (for instance in fortresses
or opposite bishops endgames) the evaluation will be largely tamed down
towards a draw value.

2) more interestingly, there is also a small effect in the midgame play because
Stockfish will panic a little bit if there are more than four consecutive
shuffling moves with an advantage: the engine will try to move a pawn or to
exchange a piece to keep the advantage, so the follow-ups of the position
will be discovered earlier by the alpha-beta search.

passed STC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [0.50,4.50]
Total: 23017 W: 5080 L: 4805 D: 13132 Elo +4.15
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d7e4aef0ebc59069c36fc74

passed LTC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,3.50]
Total: 30746 W: 5171 L: 4911 D: 20664 Elo +2.94
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d7e513d0ebc59069c36ff26

Pull request: https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2304

Bench: 4272173
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Vizvezdenec
Date: Sun Sep 15 00:32:54 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1568500374

Introduce midgame initiative

This patch finally introduces something that was tried for years: midgame score
dependance on complexity of position. More precisely, if the position is very
simplified and the complexity measure calculated in the initiative() function
is inferior to -50 by an amount d, then we add this value d to the midgame score.

One example of play of this patch will be (again!) 4 vs 3 etc same flank endgames
where sides have a lot of non-pawn material: 4 vs 3 draw mostly remains the same
draw even if we add a lot of equal material to both sides.

STC run was stopped after 200k games (and not converging):
LLR: -1.75 (-2.94,2.94) [0.50,4.50]
Total: 200319 W: 44197 L: 43310 D: 112812 Elo +1.54
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d7cfdb10ebc5902d386572c

passed LTC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,3.50]
Total: 41051 W: 6858 L: 6570 D: 27623 Elo +2.44
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d7d14680ebc5902d3866196

This is the first and not really precise version, a lot of other stuff can be
tried on top of it (separate complexity for middlegame, some more terms, even
simple retuning of values).

Bench: 4248476
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Stéphane Nicolet
Date: Sat Sep 14 08:33:00 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1568442780

Assorted trivial cleanups

No functional change
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: 31m059
Date: Sat Sep 14 07:47:05 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1568440025

Use queens of either color in RookOnQueenFile

The recently-added RookOnQueenFile evaluation term (36e4a86) provided a bonus
for placing our rook on the same file as an enemy queen.

Here, we relax a condition in this bonus, broadening its effect to any queen.
It is also strategically desirable to place the rook on the same file as a friendly
queen, so the restriction on the queen's color is removed.

STC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 66856 W: 14847 L: 14815 D: 37194 Elo +0.17
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d7b3c6a0ebc5902d385bcf5

LTC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 86786 W: 14264 L: 14248 D: 58274 Elo +0.06
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d7b4e9b0ebc5902d385c178

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2302

Bench: 3703909
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Stéphane Nicolet
Date: Sat Sep 14 07:34:19 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1568439259

Update Makefile documentation

Follow-up to previous commit. Update the documentation for the user when using `make`,
to show the preferred bmi2 compile in the advanced examples section.

Note: I made a mistake in the previous commit comment, the documentation is shown when
using `make` or `make help`, not `make --help`.

No functional change
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Joost VandeVondele
Date: Sat Sep 14 07:11:23 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1568437883

Add sse4 if bmi2 is enabled

The only change done to the Makefile to get a somewhat faster binary as
discussed in #2291 is to add -msse4 to the compile options of the bmi2 build.
Since all processors supporting bmi2 also support sse4 this can be done easily.
It is a useful step to avoid sending around custom and poorly tested builds.

The speedup isn't enough to pass [0,4] but it is roughly 1.15Elo and a LOS of 90%:
LLR: -2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,4.00]
Total: 93009 W: 20519 L: 20316 D: 52174 Elo +0.76

Also rewrite the documentation for the user when using `make --help`, so that
the order of architectures for x86-64 has the more performant build one on top.

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2300

No functional change
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Vizvezdenec
Date: Thu Sep 12 10:33:18 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1568277198

Scale down complexity for almost unwinnable endgames

This patch greatly scales down complexity of endgames when the
following conditions are all true together:

- pawns are all on one flank
- stronger side king is not outflanking weaker side
- no passed pawns are present

This should improve stockfish evaluation of obvious draws 4 vs 3, 3 vs 2
and 2 vs 1 pawns in rook/queen/knight/bishop single flank endgames where
strong side can not make progress.

passed STC
LLR: 2.94 (-2.94,2.94) [0.50,4.50]
Total: 15843 W: 3601 L: 3359 D: 8883 Elo +5.31

passed LTC
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,3.50]
Total: 121275 W: 20107 L: 19597 D: 81571 Elo +1.46

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2298

Bench: 3954190

==========================

How to continue from there?

a) This could be a powerful idea for refining some parts of the evaluation
function, a bit like when we try quadratics or other equations to emphasize
certain situations (xoto10).

b) Some other combinaison values for this bonus can be done further, or
overall retuning of weight and offset while keeping the formula simple.
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: xoto10
Date: Thu Sep 12 10:05:35 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1568275535

Bonus for rook on same file as their queen

This patch creates a simple bonus for a rook that is on the same file as the
opponent's queen.

STC 10+0.1 th 1 :
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [0.50,4.50]
Total: 45609 W: 10120 L: 9733 D: 25756 Elo +2.95
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d79895a0ebc5902d385484a

LTC 60+0.6 th 1 :
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,3.50]
Total: 51651 W: 8606 L: 8288 D: 34757 Elo +2.14
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d79a0850ebc5902d3854d27

Many thanks to @noobpwnftw for providing the extra cpu resources for fishtest,
which led to me doing these tests.

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2297

Bench: 4024461
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: protonspring
Date: Thu Sep 12 09:44:40 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1568274280

Simplify Weak Lever

This is a simplification that integrated WeakLever into doubled pawns.
Since we already check for !support for Doubled pawns, it is trivial
to check for weak lever by just checking more_than_one(lever).

We also introduce the Score * bool operation overload to remove some
casts in the code.

STC
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 26757 W: 5842 L: 5731 D: 15184 Elo +1.44
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d77ee220ebc5902d384e5a4

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2295

No functional change
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Stefan Geschwentner
Date: Wed Sep 11 18:37:08 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1568219828

Update reverse move stats

For a good quiet non-pawn move consider the reverse move as bad
and update the main history with a negative stat bonus.

STC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [0.50,4.50]
Total: 19292 W: 4401 L: 4141 D: 10750 Elo +4.68
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d7751d50ebc594e7864973c

LTC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,3.50]
Total: 111952 W: 18762 L: 18275 D: 74915 Elo +1.51
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d7771cf0ebc594e786498fa

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2294

Bench: 3914238
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Stefan Geschwentner
Date: Mon Aug 26 08:49:55 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1566802195

Tweak Late Move Reduction at root

Maintain best move counter at the root and allow there only moves which has a counter
of zero for Late Move Reduction. For compensation only the first three moves are excluded
from Late Move Reduction per default instead the first four moves.

What we can further do:

- here we use a simple counting scheme but perhaps some aging to fade out early iterations
could be helpful
- use the best move counter also at inner nodes for LMR and/or pruning

STC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [0.50,4.50]
Total: 17414 W: 3984 L: 3733 D: 9697 Elo +5.01
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d6234bb0ebc5939d09f2aa2

LTC:
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,3.50]
Total: 38058 W: 6448 L: 6166 D: 25444 Elo +2.57
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d62681a0ebc5939d09f2f27

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2282

Bench: 3568210
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: VoyagerOne
Date: Sun Aug 25 11:09:08 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1566724148

NMP Tweaks

Tweak again the null move pruning preconditions.

STC:
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.50,4.50]
Total: 19675 W: 4430 L: 4169 D: 11076 Elo +4.61
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d52bc0e0ebc5925cf108300

LTC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,3.50]
Total: 73895 W: 12496 L: 12114 D: 49285 Elo +1.80
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d52dcbc0ebc5925cf108552

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2268

Bench: 3690065
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: protonspring
Date: Sat Aug 24 08:21:30 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1566627690

Improve signature of evaluate_shelter()

Remove one parameter in function evaluate_shelter(), making all
comparisons for castled/uncastled shelter locally in do_king_safety().
Also introduce BlockedStorm penalty.

Passed non-regression test at STC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 65864 W: 14630 L: 14596 D: 36638 Elo +0.18
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d5fc80c0ebc5939d09f0acc

No functional change
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: protonspring
Date: Fri Aug 23 16:29:29 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1566570569

Consolidate CastlingSide and CastlingRights

This is a non-functional simplification that removes CastlingSide and
implements the functionality in CastlingRights (thanks to Jörg Oster
for a comment on the first version of this patch).

STC
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 53854 W: 12077 L: 12019 D: 29758 Elo +0.37
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d517b940ebc5925cf107474

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2265

No functional change
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: protonspring
Date: Fri Aug 23 09:37:12 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1566545832

Simplify futility equation

This is a functional simplification. The 178 constant for the futility equation
in master can be removed.

STC
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 42626 W: 9508 L: 9428 D: 23690 Elo +0.65
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d5d4e320ebc5925cf11254e

LTC
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 26182 W: 4432 L: 4320 D: 17430 Elo +1.49
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d5df70d0ebc5925cf112fee

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2278

Bench: 3985701
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Vizvezdenec
Date: Wed Aug 21 10:47:40 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1566377260

Late move reduction, captures and CUT nodes

Expand of Stefan Geschwentner's original idea: we always do LMR for captures at cutnodes.

Passed STC
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d5b2f8e0ebc5925cf1111b8
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.50,4.50]
Total: 36026 W: 8122 L: 7779 D: 20125 Elo +3.31

Passed LTC
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d5b40c80ebc5925cf111353
LLR: 3.22 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,3.50]
Total: 133502 W: 22508 L: 21943 D: 89051 Elo +1.47

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2273

Bench: 3494372
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: protonspring
Date: Wed Aug 21 09:34:46 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1566372886

Tuned Futility Equation

@Vizvezdenec array suggested that alternate values may be better than current
master (see pull request #2270 ). I tuned some linear equations to more closely
represent his values and it passed. These futility values seem quite sensitive,
so perhaps additional Elo improvements can be found here.

STC
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [0.50,4.50]
Total: 12257 W: 2820 L: 2595 D: 6842 Elo +6.38
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d5b2f360ebc5925cf1111ac

LTC
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,3.50]
Total: 20273 W: 3497 L: 3264 D: 13512 Elo +3.99
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d5c0d250ebc5925cf111ac3

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2272

------------------------------------------
How to continue from there ?

a) we can try a simpler version for the futility margin, this would
be a simplification :
margin = 188 * (depth - improving)

b) on the other direction, we can try a complexification by trying
again to gain Elo with an complete array of futility values.

------------------------------------------

Bench: 4330402
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Jean Gauthier
Date: Wed Aug 21 09:11:17 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1566371477

Slight speep up fetching the endgame table

Replace calls to count(key) + operator[key] with a single call to find(key).
Replace the std::map with std::unordered_map which provide O(1) access,
although the map has a really small number of objects.

Test with [0..4] failed yellow:

TC 10+0.1
SPRT elo0: 0.00 alpha: 0.05 elo1: 4.00 beta: 0.05
LLR -2.96 [-2.94,2.94] (rejected)
Elo 1.01 [-0.87,3.08] (95%)
LOS 85.3%
Games 71860 [w:22.3%, l:22.2%, d:55.5%]
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d5432210ebc5925cf109d61

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2269

No functional change
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Alain SAVARD
Date: Wed Aug 14 22:15:48 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1565813748

Assorted trivial cleanups (July 2019)

No functional change
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Stefan Geschwentner
Date: Wed Aug 14 20:59:04 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1565809144

Tweak unsafe checks

Remove mobility area for unsafe checks. Also separate the evaluation terms
for unsafe checks and blockers for king with adjusted weights.

STC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [0.50,4.50]
Total: 124526 W: 28292 L: 27504 D: 68730 Elo +2.20
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d5138290ebc5925cf1070c3

LTC:
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,3.50]
Total: 84968 W: 14499 L: 14083 D: 56386 Elo +1.70
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d527cfa0ebc5925cf107f93

Bench: 4139590
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: joergoster
Date: Thu Aug 1 09:28:34 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1564644514

Revert "Improve multiPV mode"

This reverts commit a8de07cc26999e2fef7298a63bfe349aaa4650fa.
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: xoto10
Date: Wed Jul 31 09:35:20 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1564558520

Tune search constants

This is the result of a 200k tuning run at LTC:
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d3576b70ebc5925cf0e9e1e

which passed quickly at LTC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [0.50,4.50]
Total: 12954 W: 2280 L: 2074 D: 8600 Elo +5.53
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d3ff3f70ebc5925cf0f87a2

STC failed, but second LTC at [0,4] passed easily:
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,4.00]
Total: 8004 W: 1432 L: 1252 D: 5320 Elo +7.81
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d407cff0ebc5925cf0f9119

Further work?
No doubt some of these changes produce most of the gain and some are neutral
or even bad, so further testing on individual/groups of parameters changed
here might show more gains. It does look like these tests might need to be
at LTC though, so maybe not too practical to do. See the thread in the pull
request for an interesting discussion:
https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2260

Bench: 4024328

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