Stockfish Development Versions are build automatically if there are changes on the master branch in the git repository (https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish). Use it at your own risk.
They are compiled with gcc/mingw 7.3 on Ubuntu 18.04.
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!! latest version !!


Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Joost VandeVondele
Date: Wed Apr 24 19:51:57 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1556128317

Remove useless initializations (#2115)

Removes two unneeded inits, they are always set before their use later on.

No functional change.
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: protonspring
Date: Sat Apr 20 08:34:14 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1555742054

Remove DistanceRing #2107

Remove the DistanceRing array. This reduces the
memory footprint by about 4kb.

http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5cba35350ebc5925cf020d7f
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 101421 W: 22491 L: 22528 D: 56402 Elo -0.13

No functional change.
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Joost VandeVondele
Date: Fri Apr 19 17:33:26 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1555688006

Remove capping in reduction (#2110)

Saves two std::min.

Bench is unchanged to high depth, but in principle this is a functional change so tested both STC and LTC.

passed STC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 78193 W: 17220 L: 17210 D: 43763 Elo +0.04
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5cb789540ebc5925cf01b90b

passed LTC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 93846 W: 15964 L: 15962 D: 61920 Elo +0.01
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5cb8066d0ebc5925cf01c72b

Bench: 3402947
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Joost VandeVondele
Date: Thu Apr 18 16:53:52 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1555599232

Simplify distance (#2109)

Only called with Squares as argument, so remove unused variants.

As this is just syntax changes, only verified bench at high depth.

No functional change.
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: protonspring
Date: Wed Apr 17 21:13:39 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1555528419

Remove Movepick::move (#2085)

The "move" class variable is Movepick is removed (removes some abstraction) which saves a few assignment operations, and the effects of "filter" is limited to the current move (movePtr). The resulting code is a bit more verbose, but it is also more clear what is going on. This version is NOT tested, but is substantially similar to:

STC
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 29191 W: 6474 L: 6367 D: 16350 Elo +1.27
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5ca7aab50ebc5925cf006e50

This is a non-functional simplification.
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: protonspring
Date: Tue Apr 16 23:10:53 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1555449053

Move pawnsOnSquares to Position (#2100)

We can remove the values in Pawns if we just use the piece arrays in Position. This reduces the size of a pawn entry. This simplification passed individually, and in concert with ps_passedcount100 (removes passedCount storage in pawns.).

STC
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 19957 W: 4529 L: 4404 D: 11024 Elo +2.18
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5cb3c2d00ebc5925cf016f0d

Combo STC
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 17368 W: 3925 L: 3795 D: 9648 Elo +2.60
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5cb3d3510ebc5925cf01709a

This is a non-functional simplification.
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: protonspring
Date: Tue Apr 16 16:12:47 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1555423967

Calculate passedCount real-time #2099

This is a non-functional simplification which removes the passedCount variable in pawns.

STC
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 27982 W: 6227 L: 6118 D: 15637 Elo +1.35
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5cb3cdd30ebc5925cf017025

Combo STC
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 17368 W: 3925 L: 3795 D: 9648 Elo +2.60
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5cb3d3510ebc5925cf01709a

Non functional test.
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: protonspring
Date: Tue Apr 16 16:09:36 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1555423776

Remove semiopenFiles in pawns and simplify space #2102

This is a functional simplification.

1. semiopenFiles is removed in pawns and uses the piece arrays in position instead.

2. popcount is removed in space calculations and uses pawn piece count instead.

STC
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 33327 W: 7423 L: 7324 D: 18580 Elo +1.03
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5cb4be090ebc5925cf018511

LTC
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 10173 W: 1774 L: 1636 D: 6763 Elo +4.71
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5cb4c5920ebc5925cf018696

bench 3402947
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Joost VandeVondele
Date: Sat Apr 13 17:17:47 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1555168667

Remove two useless assignments (#2093)

These variables are initialized before their use in the movepicker loop.

passed STC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 138732 W: 30727 L: 30838 D: 77167 Elo -0.28
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5cb07af40ebc5925cf012c32

No functional change.
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Joost VandeVondele
Date: Sat Apr 13 17:15:15 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1555168515

Give penalty for all early quiets of prev. ply

passed STC:
LLR: 2.94 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 32884 W: 7283 L: 7184 D: 18417 Elo +1.05
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5cacb1b20ebc5925cf00ce97

passed LTC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 22869 W: 3920 L: 3803 D: 15146 Elo +1.78
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5cacbd760ebc5925cf00cfce

Bench: 3723099
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: protonspring
Date: Sat Apr 13 16:58:41 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1555167521

Simplify Connected Pawn Scoring #2090

This is a functional simplification that simplifies
connected scoring of pawns.

STC
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 37472 W: 8318 L: 8228 D: 20926 Elo +0.83
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5cae74ef0ebc5925cf00f8a5

LTC
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 43035 W: 7366 L: 7281 D: 28388 Elo +0.69
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5caea3b50ebc5925cf00fe1e

Bench: 3470173
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Marco Costalba
Date: Fri Apr 12 13:48:04 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1555069684

Revert "Shuffle detection #2064"

It causes a serious regression hanging a simple fixed
depth search. Reproducible with:

position fen q1B5/1P1q4/8/8/8/6R1/8/1K1k4 w - - 0 1
go depth 13

The reason is a search tree explosion due to:

if (... && depth < 3 * ONE_PLY)
extension = ONE_PLY;

This is very dangerous code by itself because triggers **at the leafs**
and in the above position keeps extending endlessly. In normal games
time deadline makes the search to stop sooner or later, but in fixed
seacrch we just hang possibly for a very long time. This is not acceptable
because 'go depth 13' shall not be a surprise for any position.

This patch reverts commit 76f1807baa90eb69f66001d25df2a28533f9406f.
and fixes the issue https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/issues/2091

Bench: 3243738
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: miguel-l
Date: Wed Apr 10 19:35:47 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1554917747

Extend dangerous passed pawn moves (#2089)

Introduce a new search extension when pushing an advanced passed pawn is
also suggested by the first killer move. There have been previous tests
which have similar ideas, mostly about pawn pushes, but it seems to be
overkill to extend too many moves. My idea is to limit the extension to
when a move happens to be noteworthy in some other way as well, such as
in this case, when it is also a killer move.

STC:
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.50,4.50]
Total: 19027 W: 4326 L: 4067 D: 10634 Elo +4.73
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5cac2cde0ebc5925cf00c36d

LTC:
LLR: 2.94 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,3.50]
Total: 93390 W: 15995 L: 15555 D: 61840 Elo +1.64
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5cac42270ebc5925cf00c4b9

For future tests, it looks like this will interact heavily with passed
pawn evaluation. It may be good to try more variants of some of the more
promising evaluations tests/tweaks.

Bench: 3666092
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: protonspring
Date: Wed Apr 10 19:33:57 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1554917637

Simplify castlingPath (#2088)

Instead of looping through kfrom,kto, rfrom, rto, we can use BetweenBB. This is less lines of code and it is more clear what castlingPath actually is. Personal benchmarks are all over the place. However, this code is only executed when loading a position, so performance doesn't seem that relevant.

No functional change.
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: 31m059
Date: Tue Apr 9 19:35:17 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1554831317

Raise kingDanger threshold and adjust constant term #2087

The kingDanger term is intended to give a penalty which increases rapidly in the middlegame but less so in the endgame. To this end, the middlegame component is quadratic, and the endgame component is linear. However, this produces unintended consequences for relatively small values of kingDanger: the endgame penalty will exceed the middlegame penalty. This remains true up to kingDanger = 256 (a S(16, 16) penalty), so some of these inaccurate penalties are actually rather large.

In this patch, we increase the threshold for applying the kingDanger penalty to eliminate some of this unintended behavior. This was very nearly, but not quite, sufficient to pass on its own. The patch was finally successful by integrating a second kingDanger tweak by @Vizvezdenec, increasing the kingDanger constant term slightly and improving both STC and LTC performance.

Where do we go from here? I propose that in the future, any attempts to tune kingDanger coefficients should also consider tuning the kingDanger threshold. The evidence shows clearly that it should not be automatically taken to be zero.

Special thanks to @Vizvezdenec for the kingDanger constant tweak. Thanks also to all the approvers and CPU donors who made this possible!

STC:
LLR: -2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,4.00]
Total: 141225 W: 31239 L: 30846 D: 79140 Elo +0.97
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5cabbdb20ebc5925cf00b86c

LTC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,4.00]
Total: 30708 W: 5296 L: 5043 D: 20369 Elo +2.86
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5cabff760ebc5925cf00c22d

Bench: 3445945
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: protonspring
Date: Tue Apr 9 13:46:12 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1554810372

Remove BetweenBB Array #2076

Non functional change.
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Marco Costalba
Date: Sat Apr 6 12:43:41 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1554547421

Fix sed for OS X (#2080)

The sed command is a bit different in Mac OS X (why not!).

The ‘-i’ option required a parameter to tell what extension to add for the
backup file. To fix it, just add extension for backup file, for example ‘.bak’

Fix broken Trevis CI test

No functional change.
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: erbsenzaehler
Date: Sat Apr 6 11:15:17 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1554542117

Make ONE_PLY value independent again

And a Trevis CI test to catch future issues.

No functional change.
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Marco Costalba
Date: Sat Apr 6 02:03:15 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1554508995

Fix a missing assignment in previous commit

While reformatting the patch, I got wrong a statement and converted it badly.
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: xoto10
Date: Fri Apr 5 20:37:16 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1554489436

Use average bestMoveChanges across all threads #2072

The current update only by main thread depends on the luck of
whether main thread sees any/many changes to the best move or not.
It then makes large, lumpy changes to the time to be
used (1x, 2x, 3x, etc) depending on that sample of 1.
Use the average across all threads to get a more reliable
number with a smoother distribution.

STC @ 5+0.05 th 4 :
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [0.50,4.50]
Total: 51899 W: 11446 L: 11029 D: 29424 Elo +2.79
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5ca32ff20ebc5925cf0016fb

STC @ 5+0.05 th 8 :
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.50,4.50]
Total: 13851 W: 2843 L: 2620 D: 8388 Elo +5.59
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5ca35ae00ebc5925cf001adb

LTC @ 20+0.2 th 8 :
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,3.50]
Total: 48527 W: 7941 L: 7635 D: 32951 Elo +2.19
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5ca37cb70ebc5925cf001cec

Further work:
Similar changes might be possible for the fallingEval and timeReduction calculations (and elsewhere?), using either the min, average or max values across all threads.

Bench 3506898
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Moez Jellouli
Date: Thu Apr 4 09:40:34 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1554363634

Remove pureStaticEval #2069

Remove pureStaticEval variable and keep only one
static evaluation (ss->staticEval).

STC
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 64617 W: 14348 L: 14312 D: 35957 Elo +0.19
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5c9e1ad70ebc5925cfffc106

LTC
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 82200 W: 13703 L: 13680 D: 54817 Elo +0.10
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5c9e4efd0ebc5925cfffc68b

Bench : 3506898
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Moez Jellouli
Date: Thu Apr 4 08:49:35 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1554360575

Add attacked by 2 pawns to attackedBy2 (#2074)

Add squares attacked by 2 pawns to the attackedBy2 array

STC :
LLR: -2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [0.50,4.50]
Total: 132722 W: 29583 L: 29090 D: 74049 Elo +1.29
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5ca231ba0ebc5925cf000794

LTC :
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,3.50]
Total: 94589 W: 16161 L: 15718 D: 62710 Elo +1.63
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5ca25d180ebc5925cf000ba4

Bench: 3337864
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Marco Costalba
Date: Sun Mar 31 11:47:36 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1554025656

Assorted trivial cleanups 3/2019 (#2030)

No functional change.
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: protonspring
Date: Sun Mar 31 11:28:48 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1554024528

Use simple array for Pawns Connected bonus #2061

Simplification which removes the pawns connected array.
Instead of storing the values in an array, the values are
calculated real-time. This is about 1.6% faster on my machines.

Performance:
master ave nps: 159,248,672
patch ave nps: 161,905,592

STC
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 20363 W: 4579 L: 4455 D: 11329 Elo +2.12
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5c9925ba0ebc5925cfff79a6

Non functional change.
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Moez Jellouli
Date: Sun Mar 31 10:51:08 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1554022268

Shuffle detection #2064

Shuffle detection procedure :

Shuffling positions are detected if

the last 36 moves are reversible (rule50_count() > 36),
the position have been already in the TT,
there is a still a pawn on the board (to avoid special endings like KBN vs K).

The position is then judged as a draw.

An extension is realized if we already made 14 successive reversible moves in PV to accelerate the detection of the eventual draw.

To go further : we can still improve the idea. The length of the tests need a lot of ressources.

the limit of 36 is logic but must be checked again for special zugzwang positions,
this limit can be decreased in special positions,
the limit of 14 moves for extension has not been tuned.

STC
LLR: -2.94 (-2.94,2.94) [0.50,4.50]
Total: 32595 W: 7273 L: 7275 D: 18047 Elo -0.02
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5c90aa330ebc5925cfff1768

LTC
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,3.50]
Total: 51249 W: 8807 L: 8486 D: 33956 Elo +2.18
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5c90b2450ebc5925cfff1800

VLTC
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,3.50]
Total: 137974 W: 20503 L: 19983 D: 97488 Elo +1.31
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5c9243a90ebc5925cfff2a93

Bench: 3548313

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