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!! latest version !!


Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: VoyagerOne
Date: Wed Oct 9 15:22:16 2019 +0900
Timestamp: 1570602136

Introduce separate counter-move tables for inCheck

Enhance counter-move history table by adding a inCheck dimension. This doubles
the size of the table but provides more accurate move ordering.

STC: (yellow)
LLR: -2.94 (-2.94,2.94) [0.50,4.50]
Total: 36217 W: 7790 L: 7777 D: 20650 Elo +0.12
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d9b9a290ebc5902b6d04fe0

LTC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,3.50]
Total: 36665 W: 6063 L: 5788 D: 24814 Elo +2.61
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d9b9fcc0ebc5902b6d05985

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2353

Bench: 4053577
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: 31m059
Date: Wed Oct 9 14:17:52 2019 +0900
Timestamp: 1570598272

No reachable outpost bonus for bishops

Previously, we used various control statements and ternary operators to divide
Outpost into four bonuses, based on whether the outpost was for a knight or
bishop, and whether it was currently an Outpost or merely a potential ("reachable")
one in the future. Bishop outposts, however, have traditionally been worth far
less Elo in testing. An attempt to remove them altogether passed STC, but failed LTC.

Here we include a narrower simplification, removing the reachable Outpost bonus
for bishops. This bonus was always suspect, given that its current implementation
conflicts directly with BishopPawns. BishopPawns penalizes our bishops based on the
number of friendly pawns on the same color of square, but by definition, Outposts
must be pawn-protected! This PR helps to alleviate this conceptual contradiction
without loss of Elo and with slightly simpler code.

On a code level, this allows us to simplify a ternary operator into the previous
"if" block and distribute a multiplication into an existing constant Score. On a
conceptual level, we retire one of the four traditional Outpost bonuses.

STC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 22277 W: 4882 L: 4762 D: 12633 Elo +1.87
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d9aeed60ebc5902b6cf9751

LTC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 51206 W: 8353 L: 8280 D: 34573 Elo +0.50
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d9af1940ebc5902b6cf9cd5

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2352

Bench: 3941591
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Alayan
Date: Mon Oct 7 22:30:04 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1570480204

Adjust aspiration window with eval

This patch changes the base aspiration window size depending on the absolute
value of the previous iteration score, increasing it away from zero. This
stems from the observation that the further away from zero, the more likely
the evaluation is to change significantly with more depth. Conversely, a
tighter aspiration window is more efficient when close to zero.

A beneficial side-effect is that analysis of won positions without a quick
mate is less prone to waste nodes in repeated fail-high that change the eval
by tiny steps.

STC:
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.50,4.50]
Total: 60102 W: 13327 L: 12868 D: 33907 Elo +2.65
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d9a70d40ebc5902b6cf39ba

LTC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,3.50]
Total: 155553 W: 25745 L: 25141 D: 104667 Elo +1.35
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d9a7ca30ebc5902b6cf4028

Future work : the values used in this patch were only a reasonable guess.
Further testing should unveil more optimal values. However, the aspiration
window is rather tight with a minimum of 21 internal units, so discrete
integers put a practical limitation to such tweaking.

More exotic experiments around the aspiration window parameters could also
be tried, but efficient conditions to adjust the base aspiration window size
or allow it to not be centered on the current evaluation are not obvious.

The aspiration window increases after a fail-high or a fail-low is another
avenue to explore for potential enhancements.

Bench: 4043748
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: SFisGOD
Date: Mon Oct 7 11:14:33 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1570439673

Tweak kingFlankAttacks factor in kingDanger

Increase kingFlankAttacks factor in kingDanger from 5/16 to 6/16.

Failed STC:
LLR: -2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,4.00]
Total: 77947 W: 16989 L: 16848 D: 44110 Elo +0.63
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d9ac0280ebc5902b6cf63cd

Passed LTC 1:
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,4.00]
Total: 13443 W: 2231 L: 2037 D: 9175 Elo +5.01
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d9ac88d0ebc5902b6cf6ffb

Passed LTC 2:
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,4.00]
Total: 23340 W: 3842 L: 3617 D: 15881 Elo +3.35
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d9acf7f0ebc5902b6cf7c27

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2349

Bench: 4042155
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Alain SAVARD
Date: Mon Oct 7 00:50:54 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1570402254

Adjust pawn span

Run as a simplification

a) insures that pawn attacks are always included in the pawn span
(this "fixes" the case where some outpost or reachable outpost
bonus were awarded on squares controlled by enemy pawns).

b) compute the full span only if not "backward" or not "blocked".

By looking at "blocked" instead of "opposed", we get a nice simpli-
fication and the "new" outpost detection is almost identical, except
a few borderline cases on rank 4.

passed STC
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d9950730ebc5902b6cefb90
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 79113 W: 17168 L: 17159 D: 44786 Elo +0.04

passed LTC
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d99d14e0ebc5902b6cf0692
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 41286 W: 6819 L: 6731 D: 27736 Elo +0.74

See https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2348

bench: 3812891
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Ondrej Mosnacek
Date: Sun Oct 6 23:05:30 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1570395930

Make priorCapture a bool

It is always used as a bool, so let's make it a bool straight away.
We can always redefine it as a Piece in a later patch if we want
to use the piece type or the piece color.

No functional change.
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: VoyagerOne
Date: Sun Oct 6 02:04:19 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1570320259

Introduce separate counter-move tables for captures

Enhance counter-move history table by adding a capture/no-capture dimension,
depending wether the previous move was a quiet move or a capture. This doubles
the size of the table but provides more accurate move ordering.

STC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [0.50,4.50]
Total: 79702 W: 17720 L: 17164 D: 44818 Elo +2.42
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d97945e0ebc590c21aa724b

LTC:
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,3.50]
Total: 29147 W: 4907 L: 4651 D: 19589 Elo +3.05
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d97ccb90ebc590c21aa7bc0

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2344

Bench: 4131643
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Brian Sheppard
Date: Sun Oct 6 00:57:00 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1570316220

Eliminate ONE_PLY

Simplification that eliminates ONE_PLY, based on a suggestion in the forum that
support for fractional plies has never been used, and @mcostalba's openness to
the idea of eliminating it. We lose a little bit of type safety by making Depth
an integer, but in return we simplify the code in search.cpp quite significantly.

No functional change

------------------------------------------

The argument favoring eliminating ONE_PLY:

* The term “ONE_PLY” comes up in a lot of forum posts (474 to date)
https://groups.google.com/forum/?fromgroups=#!searchin/fishcooking/ONE_PLY%7Csort:relevance

* There is occasionally a commit that breaks invariance of the code
with respect to ONE_PLY
https://groups.google.com/forum/?fromgroups=#!searchin/fishcooking/ONE_PLY%7Csort:date/fishcooking/ZIPdYj6k0fk/KdNGcPWeBgAJ

* To prevent such commits, there is a Travis CI hack that doubles ONE_PLY
and rechecks bench

* Sustaining ONE_PLY has, alas, not resulted in any improvements to the
engine, despite many individuals testing many experiments over 5 years.

The strongest argument in favor of preserving ONE_PLY comes from @locutus:
“If we use par example ONE_PLY=256 the parameter space is increases by the
factor 256. So it seems very unlikely that the optimal setting is in the
subspace of ONE_PLY=1.”

There is a strong theoretical impediment to fractional depth systems: the
transposition table uses depth to determine when a stored result is good
enough to supply an answer for a current search. If you have fractional
depths, then different pathways to the position can be at fractionally
different depths.

In the end, there are three separate times when a proposal to remove ONE_PLY
was defeated by the suggestion to “give it a few more months.” So… it seems
like time to remove this distraction from the community.

See the pull request here:
https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2289
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
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Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Stéphane Nicolet
Date: Sat Oct 5 11:15:24 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1570266924

Fix compare function in previous patch

Bench: 4012371
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: mstembera
Date: Sat Oct 5 10:45:37 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1570265137

Remove temporary shelter array

Remove temporary array of shelters and avoid iterating over it each time to find
if the shelter values after castling are better than the current value.
Work done on top of https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2277

Speed benchmark did not measure any difference.

No functional change
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Moez Jellouli
Date: Wed Oct 2 13:37:00 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1570016220

More accurate pawn attack span definition

Tweak the pawn attack span for backward pawns and the zone behind
opponent opposing pawns. This is important in positional play and
one of weaknesses of the engine in recent high level games.

STC
LLR: -2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [0.50,4.50]
Total: 66843 W: 14884 L: 14717 D: 37242 Elo +0.87
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d8dcb1b0ebc590f3beb2956

LTC
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,3.50]
Total: 77699 W: 12993 L: 12602 D: 52104 Elo +1.75
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d8de9bc0ebc590f3beb3d00

See discussion in https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2332

Bench: 4012371
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Joost VandeVondele
Date: Wed Oct 2 01:43:02 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1569973382

Adjust reductions based on the number of threads

In lazySMP it makes sense to prune a little more, as multiple threads
search wider. We thus increase the prefactor of the reductions slowly
as a function of the threads. The prefactor of the log(threads) term
is a parameter, this pull request uses 1/2 after testing.

passed STC @ 8threads:
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.50,4.50]
Total: 118125 W: 23151 L: 22462 D: 72512 Elo +2.03
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d8bbf4d0ebc59509180f217

passed LTC @ 8threads:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,3.50]
Total: 67546 W: 10630 L: 10279 D: 46637 Elo +1.81
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d8c463b0ebc5950918167e8

passed ~LTC @ 14threads:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,3.50]
Total: 74271 W: 12421 L: 12040 D: 49810 Elo +1.78
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d8db1f50ebc590f3beb24ef

Note:
A larger prefactor (1) passed similar tests at STC and LTC (8 threads),
while a very large one (2) passed STC quickly but failed LTC (8 threads).

For the single-threaded case there is no functional change.

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2337

Bench: 4088701

Fixup: remove redundant code.
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: protonspring
Date: Tue Oct 1 09:12:57 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1569913977

Remove ThreatByRank

This is a functional simplification that removes ThreatByRank.

STC
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 48009 W: 10630 L: 10560 D: 26819 Elo +0.51
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d92095c0ebc594fb88eb61e

LTC
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 18682 W: 3177 L: 3053 D: 12452 Elo +2.31
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d9231120ebc594fb88ebacd

Moving forward, it's possible that ThreatByMinor and ThreatByRook
could be combined, but I haven't really contemplated that yet.

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2336

bench 4088701
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Joost VandeVondele
Date: Mon Sep 30 10:16:43 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1569831403

Remove depth dependence in value_draw().

The condition "depth >= 4 * ONE_PLY" does not seem needed at this point.

passed STC:
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 32751 W: 7178 L: 7078 D: 18495 Elo +1.06
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d8e46660ebc590f3bebad5e

passed LTC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 31693 W: 5299 L: 5196 D: 21198 Elo +1.13
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d8e4b4f0ebc590f3bebb165

Bench: 4062526
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: 31m059
Date: Fri Sep 27 12:46:47 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1569581207

Extend castling independently of singular extension

A curious feature of Stockfish's current extension code is its repeated
use of "else if." In most cases, this makes no functional difference,
because no more than one extension is applied; once one extension has
been applied, the remaining ones can be safely ignored.

However, if most singular extension search conditions are true, except
"value < singularBeta", no non-singular extensions (e.g., castling) can
be performed!

Three tests were submitted, for three of Stockfish's four non-singular
extensions. I excluded the shuffle extension, because historically there
have been concerns about the fragility of its conditions, and I did not
want to risk causing any serious search problems.

- Modifying the passed pawn extension appeared roughly neutral at STC. At
best, it appeared to be an improvement of less than 1 Elo.
- Modifying check extension performed very poorly at STC
- Modifying castling extension (this patch) produced a long "yellow" run
at STC (insufficient to pass, but positive score) and a strong LTC.

In simple terms, prior to this patch castling extension was occasionally
not applied during search--on castling moves. The effect of this patch is
to perform castling extension on more castling moves. It does so without
adding any code complexity, simply by replacing an "else if" with "if" and
reordering some existing code.

STC:
LLR: -2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,4.00]
Total: 108114 W: 23877 L: 23615 D: 60622 Elo +0.84
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d8d86bd0ebc590f3beb0c88

LTC:
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,4.00]
Total: 20862 W: 3517 L: 3298 D: 14047 Elo +3.65
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d8d99cd0ebc590f3beb1899

Bench: 3728191

--------

Where do we go from here?

- It seems strange to me that check extension performed so poorly -- clearly
some of the singular extension conditions are also very important for check
extension. I am not an expert in search, and I do not have any intuition
about which of the eight conditions is/are the culprit. I will try a
succession of eight STC tests to identify the relevant conditions, then try
to replicate this PR for check extension.

- Recent tests interacting with the castle extension may deserve retesting.
I will shortly resubmit a few of my recent castling extension tweaks, rebased
on this PR/commit.

My deepest thanks to @noobpwnftw for the extraordinary CPU donation, and to
all our other fishtest volunteers, who made it possible for a speculative LTC
to pass in 70 minutes!

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2331
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Alain SAVARD
Date: Fri Sep 27 12:37:49 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1569580669

Simplify RookOnPawn

Remove the RookOnPawn logic (for rook on rank 5 and above aligning with pawns
on same row or file) which was overlapping with a few other parameters.

Inspired by @31m059 interesting result hinting that a direct attack on pawns
instead of PseudoAttacks might work.
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d89a7c70ebc595091801b8d

After a few attempts by me and @31m059, and some long STC greens but red LTC,
as a proof of concept I first tried a local SPSA at VSTC trying to tune related
rook psqt rows, and mainly some rook related stuff in evaluate.cpp.
Result was STC green, but still red LTC,

Finally a 100M fishtest SPSA at LTC proved successful both at STC and LTC.

All this was possible with the awesome fishtest contributors.
At some point, I had 850 workers on the last test !

Run as a simplification

STC
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d8d68f40ebc590f3beaf171
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 7399 W: 1693 L: 1543 D: 4163 Elo +7.04

LTC
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d8d70270ebc590f3beaf63c
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 41617 W: 6981 L: 6894 D: 27742 Elo +0.73

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2329

bench: 4037914
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Joost VandeVondele
Date: Fri Sep 27 00:16:49 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1569536209

Remove custom mutex implementation

As part of the investigation of the hang caused by an incorrect implementation
of condition_variable in libwinpthread, it was realized that our custom Mutex
implementation is no longer needed. Prior to lazySMP this custom implementation
resulted in a 30% speedup, but now no speed difference can be measured as no
mutex is used on the hot path in lazySMP.

https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/issues/2291
https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/issues/2309#issuecomment-533733393 https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/issues/2309#issuecomment-533737515

The interest of this patch is that it removes platform-specific code, which is
always less tested.

No functional change.
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Stéphane Nicolet
Date: Thu Sep 26 23:27:48 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1569533268

Restore development version (revert previous commit)

Revert the previous patch now that the binary for the super-final
of TCEC season 16 has been sent.

Maybe the feature of showing the name of compiler will be added to the
master branch in the future. But we may use a cleaner way to code it, see
some ideas using the Makefile approach at the end of pull request #2327 :
https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2327

Bench: 3618154
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Stéphane Nicolet
Date: Wed Sep 25 22:28:51 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1569443331

Temporary patch to show the compiler for TCEC submission

This patch shows a description of the compiler used to compile Stockfish,
when starting from the console.

Usage:

```
./stockfish
compiler
```

Example of output:

```
Stockfish 240919 64 POPCNT by T. Romstad, M. Costalba, J. Kiiski, G. Linscott

Compiled by clang++ 9.0.0 on Apple
__VERSION__ macro expands to: 4.2.1 Compatible Apple LLVM 9.0.0 (clang-900.0.38)
```

No functional change
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Stéphane Nicolet
Date: Tue Sep 24 12:54:02 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1569322442

Increase weight for supported pawns

This patch changes the weight for counting supports of pawns
from 17 to 21. Hopefully Stockfish will accept to play a bit
more of closed or semi-closed positions.

STC:
LLR: 2.95 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,4.00]
Total: 13822 W: 3158 L: 2939 D: 7725 Elo +5.51
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d89c3a10ebc595091802379

LTC:
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,4.00]
Total: 63066 W: 10590 L: 10236 D: 42240 Elo +1.95
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d89ca7f0ebc595091802680

Future work: try to tweak the evaluation to better understand
the French structures.

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2326

Bench: 3618154
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: nickpelling
Date: Tue Sep 24 10:05:54 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1569312354

Clarify the mapping of files to queenside

This patch replaces the obscure expressions mapping files ABCDEFGH to ABCDDCBA
by explicite calls to an auxiliary function:

old: f = min(f, ~f)
new: f = map_to_queenside(f)

We used the Golbolt web site (https://godbolt.org) to check that the current
code for the auxiliary function is optimal.

STC:
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 30292 W: 6756 L: 6651 D: 16885 Elo +1.20
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d8676720ebc5971531d6aa1

Achieved with a bit of help from Sopel97, snicolet and vondele, thanks everyone!
Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2325

No functional change
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: xoto10
Date: Mon Sep 23 09:50:34 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1569225034

Encourage rook lift to third rank

This change to the Rook psqt encourages rook lifts to the third rank
on the two center files.

STC 10+0.1 th 1 :
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,4.00]
Total: 40654 W: 9028 L: 8704 D: 22922 Elo +2.77
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d885da60ebc5906dd3e9fcd

LTC 60+0.6 th 1 :
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,4.00]
Total: 56963 W: 9530 L: 9196 D: 38237 Elo +2.04
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d88618c0ebc5906dd3ea45f

Thanks to @snicolet for mentioning that Komodo does this a lot and
Stockfish doesn't, which gave me the idea for this patch, and to
@noobpwnftw for providing cores to fishtest which allowed very quick
testing.

Future work: perhaps this can be refined somehow to encourage this
on other files, my attempts have failed.

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2322

Bench: 3950249
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Stéphane Nicolet
Date: Mon Sep 23 09:10:28 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1569222628

Revert "Clarify the mapping of files to queenside"

This reverts commit 7756344d5d2b93970e7cd423f8cbf6fb1da11b74.
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Stéphane Nicolet
Date: Mon Sep 23 08:54:20 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1569221660

Clarify the mapping of files to queenside

Author: @nickpelling

We replace in the code the obscure expressions mapping files ABCDEFGH to ABCDDCBA
by an explicite call to an auxiliary function :

old: f = min(f, ~f)
new: f = map_to_queenside(f)

We used the Golbolt web site (https://godbolt.org) to find the optimal code
for the auxiliary function.

STC:
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [-3.00,1.00]
Total: 30292 W: 6756 L: 6651 D: 16885 Elo +1.20
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d8676720ebc5971531d6aa1

No functional change
Windows x64 for Haswell CPUs
Windows x64 for modern computers
Windows x64
Windows 32
Linux x64 for Haswell CPUs
Linux x64 for modern computers
Linux x64
Author: Joost VandeVondele
Date: Mon Sep 23 07:29:00 2019 +0200
Timestamp: 1569216540

More random draw evaluations

Use the randomized draw function value_draw() also for draw evalutions.

This extends the earlier commit
https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/commit/97d2cc9a9c1c4b6ff1b470676fa18c7fc6509886
which did this only for 3folds.

As in that case, this test was yellow at STC and LTC, but green at VLTC,
indicative of the fact that the higher the drawrate, the more likely this
idea is beneficial.

STC:
LLR: -2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.50,4.50]
Total: 83573 W: 18584 L: 18335 D: 46654 Elo +1.04
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d84e44d0ebc5971531d4f94

LTC:
LLR: -2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,3.50]
Total: 92252 W: 15240 L: 15160 D: 61852 Elo +0.30
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d865dd90ebc5971531d68e1

VLTC: 120+1.2 @ 2th
LLR: 2.96 (-2.94,2.94) [0.00,3.50]
Total: 51902 W: 7323 L: 7028 D: 37551 Elo +1.97
http://tests.stockfishchess.org/tests/view/5d8763620ebc595f57c22b15

Closes https://github.com/official-stockfish/Stockfish/pull/2321

Bench: 3441237

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